Gender differences in the correlates of hazardous drinking among Iraq and Afghanistan veterans

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Quantitative Health Sciences

Publication Date


Document Type



Adult; *Afghan Campaign 2001-; Alcohol Drinking; Cohort Studies; Female; Humans; *Iraq War, 2003-2011; Longitudinal Studies; Male; Middle Aged; *Sex Characteristics; Veterans


Gender and Sexuality | Military and Veterans Studies


BACKGROUND: Despite increasing numbers of women veterans from the Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts, few studies have examined hazardous drinking in this group. The present study examined the prevalence of and risk and protective factors for hazardous drinking in a community-based sample of men and women veterans of Operations Enduring Freedom/Iraqi Freedom/New Dawn (OEF/OIF/OND). METHODS: Veterans completed a structured survey that assessed hazardous drinking using the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT), and a broad range of demographic, life history, and psychopathology variables. Correlations and multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted to examine risk and protective factors associated with hazardous drinking. RESULTS: A total 30.2% of male veterans and 16.3% of female veterans screened positive for hazardous drinking. In a multivariate analysis in male veterans, younger age, lifetime exposure to assaultive trauma, and conflict in interpersonal relationships were independently associated with hazardous drinking (p

DOI of Published Version



Scott JC, Pietrzak RH, Mattocks K, Southwick SM, Brandt C, Haskell S. Gender differences in the correlates of hazardous drinking among Iraq and Afghanistan veterans. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2013 Jan 1;127(1-3):15-22. doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2012.06.003. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Drug and alcohol dependence

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID