Tobacco control activities of primary-care physicians in the Community Intervention Trial for Smoking Cessation. COMMIT Research Group
Department of Medicine, Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine
Adult; Cohort Studies; Female; *Health Promotion; Humans; Male; *Plants, Toxic; *Primary Health Care; Questionnaires; Retrospective Studies; *Tobacco; Tobacco Use Disorder; United States
Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences | Women's Studies
OBJECTIVE: To compare tobacco control practices of physicians and their staff in Intervention communities with those in Comparison communities of the Community Intervention Trial for Smoking Cessation (COMMIT).
DESIGN: COMMIT was a randomised trial testing community-based intervention for smoking cessation carried out over four years.
SETTING: Eleven matched pairs of communities assigned randomly to Intervention and Comparison conditions.
INTERVENTIONS: Physicians in the Intervention communities participated in continuing medical education (CME). Training for office staff focused on tobacco control and office intervention "systems".
OUTCOME MEASURES: Smoking control attitudes and practices reported by primary-care physicians in the 22 communities, smoking policies, and practices of 30 randomly selected medical offices in each community, and patient reports of physician intervention activities. RESULTS: Response rates to the physicians' mail survey were 45% and 42% in Intervention and Comparison communities, respectively. Telephone interviews of office staff had response rates of 84% in both conditions. Physicians in Intervention communities were more likely to attend training than those in Comparison communities (53% and 26%, respectively (PCONCLUSIONS: The COMMIT intervention had a significant effect on some reported physician behaviours, office practices, and policies. However, most physicians still did not use state-of-the-art smoking intervention practices with their patients and there was little, or no, difference between patient reports of intervention activities of physicians in the Intervention and Comparison communities. Better systems and incentives are needed to attract physicians and their staff to CME and to encourage them to follow through on what they learn. The recently released Agency for Health Care Policy and Research clinical practice guideline for smoking cessation and other standards and policies outline these systems and offer suggestions for incentives to facilitate adoption of these practices by physicians.
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Citation: Tob Control. 1997;6 Suppl 2:S49-56.
Ockene, Judith K.; Lindsay, Elizabeth A.; Hymowitz, Norman; Giffen, Carol; Purcell, Ted; Pomrehn, Paul R.; and Pechacek, Terry F., "Tobacco control activities of primary-care physicians in the Community Intervention Trial for Smoking Cessation. COMMIT Research Group" (1997). Women’s Health Research Faculty Publications. 372.