Cell cycle regulation of immunoglobulin class switch recombination and germ-line transcription: potential role of Ets family members

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology

Publication Date


Document Type



Animals; Base Sequence; *Cell Cycle; DNA-Binding Proteins; Female; Gene Expression; *Gene Rearrangement, B-Lymphocyte; *Genes, Immunoglobulin; *Genes, Switch; Heterozygote; Hydroxyurea; Immunoglobulin gamma-Chains; Immunoglobulin mu-Chains; Male; Mice; Mice, Inbred C57BL; Mice, Inbred CBA; Molecular Sequence Data; Nuclear Proteins; Oligodeoxyribonucleotides; Promoter Regions (Genetics); Proto-Oncogene Proteins; Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-ets; RNA, Messenger; Recombination, Genetic; *Transcription Factors


Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences | Women's Studies


Previous studies have indicated that transcription of germ-line (GL) CH genes is necessary to obtain immunoglobulin (Ig) class switching. We report here a correlation between proliferation, switching and GL transcripts. Smu-S gamma 1 switch recombination in lipopolysaccharide (LPS) + interleukin-4 (IL-4)-activated mouse B cells was assayed by a digestion-circularization polymerase chain reaction. Switching to gamma 1 is reduced upon inhibition of DNA synthesis with hydroxy-urea (HU) or aphidicholin (AC). Incubation of activated B cells with HU severely reduces steady-state levels of GL gamma 1 and epsilon RNA. By utilizing elutriation to synchronize B cell blasts in different phases of the cell cycle, it was found that GL gamma 1 transcripts are mainly expressed in G1 and S phases, but not in G0. Using the electrophoretic mobility shift assay, we characterized two major LPS-induced complexes, which bind to the GL gamma 1 promoter and are expressed at levels which correlate with the amount of LPS-induced DNA synthesis. Furthermore, the intensity of the complexes is reduced when cells are arrested with the DNA synthesis inhibitors HU or AC. Elutriation experiments revealed that the complexes are expressed in G1 and S, but not in G0. They bind to an Ets consensus element near the major initiation sites used in proliferating cells. The possible implications of these findings for Ig isotype switching are discussed.

DOI of Published Version



Eur J Immunol. 1995 Jul;25(7):2042-51.

Journal/Book/Conference Title

European journal of immunology

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