Large-scale population analysis challenges the current criteria for the molecular diagnosis of fascioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy
Wellstone Center for FSHD; Program in Gene Function and Expression
Adult; Aged; Brazil; Chromosomes, Human, Pair 4; Female; Genetic Testing; Haplotypes; Humans; Italy; Male; Middle Aged; Muscular Dystrophy, Facioscapulohumeral; Polymorphism, Genetic; Tandem Repeat Sequences
Cell Biology | Developmental Biology | Molecular Biology | Molecular Genetics | Musculoskeletal Diseases | Nervous System Diseases
Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is a common hereditary myopathy causally linked to reduced numbers (≤8) of 3.3 kilobase D4Z4 tandem repeats at 4q35. However, because individuals carrying D4Z4-reduced alleles and no FSHD and patients with FSHD and no short allele have been observed, additional markers have been proposed to support an FSHD molecular diagnosis. In particular a reduction in the number of D4Z4 elements combined with the 4A(159/161/168)PAS haplotype (which provides the possibility of expressing DUX4) is currently used as the genetic signature uniquely associated with FSHD. Here, we analyzed these DNA elements in more than 800 Italian and Brazilian samples of normal individuals unrelated to any FSHD patients. We find that 3% of healthy subjects carry alleles with a reduced number (4-8) of D4Z4 repeats on chromosome 4q and that one-third of these alleles, 1.3%, occur in combination with the 4A161PAS haplotype. We also systematically characterized the 4q35 haplotype in 253 unrelated FSHD patients. We find that only 127 of them (50.1%) carry alleles with 1-8 D4Z4 repeats associated with 4A161PAS, whereas the remaining FSHD probands carry different haplotypes or alleles with a greater number of D4Z4 repeats. The present study shows that the current genetic signature of FSHD is a common polymorphism and that only half of FSHD probands carry this molecular signature. Our results suggest that the genetic basis of FSHD, which is remarkably heterogeneous, should be revisited, because this has important implications for genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis of at-risk families.
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Citation: Scionti I, Greco F, Ricci G, Govi M, Arashiro P, Vercelli L, Berardinelli A, Angelini C, Antonini G, Cao M, Di Muzio A, Moggio M, Morandi L, Ricci E, Rodolico C, Ruggiero L, Santoro L, Siciliano G, Tomelleri G, Trevisan CP, Galluzzi G, Wright W, Zatz M, Tupler R. Large-scale population analysis challenges the current criteria for the molecular diagnosis of fascioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy. Am J Hum Genet. 2012 Apr 6;90(4):628-35. doi:10.1016/j.ajhg.2012.02.019. Link to article on publisher's site
American journal of human genetics
Scionti, Isabella; Greco, Francesca; Ricci, Giulia; Govi, Monica; Arashiro, Patricia; Vercelli, Liliana; Berardinelli, Angela; Angelini, Corrado; Antonini, Giovanni; Cao, Michelangelo; Di Muzio, Antonio; Moggio, Maurizio; Morandi, Lucia; Ricci, Enzo; Rodolico, Carmelo; Ruggiero, Lucia; Santoro, Lucio; Siciliano, Gabriele; Tomelleri, Giuliano; Trevisan, Carlo Pietro; Galluzzi, Giuliana; Wright, Woodring E.; Zatz, Mayana; and Tupler, Rossella Ginevra, "Large-scale population analysis challenges the current criteria for the molecular diagnosis of fascioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy" (2012). Wellstone Center for FSHD Publications. 13.