Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption and Sleep Duration and Quality Among Pregnant Women

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology; Department of Population and Quantitative Health Sciences

Publication Date


Document Type



Dietetics and Clinical Nutrition | Nutritional Epidemiology | Obstetrics and Gynecology | Translational Medical Research | Women's Health


OBJECTIVE: To examine sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption, sleep duration, and quality during pregnancy.

METHODS: Pregnant women completed 3 24-hour dietary recalls and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. Logistic regression models estimated odds of short sleep duration ( < 7 h/night) and poor sleep quality (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index score > 5) by SSB consumption (servings/d averaged across 3 days).

RESULTS: Participants (n=108) were a median age of 30 years old (interquartile range [IQR], 26-33) and at 23.9 weeks gestation (IQR, 18.9-30.6). Participants consumed a median of 0.4 servings of SSBs per day on average (IQR, 0-1.1; range, 0-4.6). Fifty-two percent reported poor quality sleep and 38% short sleep. Each additional serving of SSB was associated with higher odds of short sleep (adjusted odds ratio, 1.6; 95% confidence interval, 1.1-2.5) and poor sleep quality (adjusted odds ratio, 2.1; 95% confidence interval, 1.2-3.6).

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: SSB consumption may be a modifiable risk factor for short/poor sleep during pregnancy. Longitudinal research is needed to explore the interplay between SSB consumption and sleep.


pregnancy, sleep, sugar-sweetened beverages, UMCCTS funding

DOI of Published Version



Wang ML, Libby BA, Moore Simas TA, Waring ME. Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption and Sleep Duration and Quality Among Pregnant Women. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2021 Sep;53(9):793-797. doi: 10.1016/j.jneb.2021.02.010. Epub 2021 Apr 13. PMID: 33858771; PMCID: PMC8440333. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Journal of nutrition education and behavior

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Link to Article in PubMed

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