An electronic health record-based intervention to increase follow-up office visits and decrease rehospitalization in older adults
Meyers Primary Care Institute; Department of Orthopedics; Department of Medicine, Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine;Department of Medicine, Division of Geriatric Medicine
Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Ambulatory Care; Continuity of Patient Care; *Electronic Health Records; Female; Follow-Up Studies; Humans; Male; Massachusetts; Office Visits; Patient Discharge; Patient Readmission; Primary Health Care; Retrospective Studies
Geriatrics | Health Information Technology | Health Services Administration | Primary Care | Translational Medical Research
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of an electronic health record-based transitional care intervention involving automated alerts to primary care providers and staff when older adults were discharged from the hospital.
DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial.
SETTING: Large multispecialty group practice.
PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 65 and older discharged from hospital to home.
INTERVENTION: In addition to notifying primary care providers about the individual's recent discharge, the system provided information about new drugs added during the inpatient stay, warnings about drug-drug interactions, recommendations for dose changes and laboratory monitoring of high-risk medications, and alerts to the primary care provider's support staff to schedule a posthospitalization office visit.
MEASUREMENTS: An outpatient office visit with a primary care provider after discharge and rehospitalization within 30 days after discharge.
RESULTS: Of the 1,870 discharges in the intervention group, 27.7% had an office visit with a primary care provider within 7 days of discharge. Of the 1,791 discharges in the control group, 28.3% had an office visit with a primary care provider within 7 days of discharge. In the intervention group, 18.8% experienced a rehospitalization within the 30-day period after discharge, compared with 19.9% in the control group. The hazard ratio for an office visit with a primary care physician did not significantly differ between the intervention and control groups. The hazard ratio for rehospitalization in the 30-day period after hospital discharge in the intervention versus the control group was 0.94 (95% confidence interval = 0.81-1.1).
CONCLUSION: This electronic health record-based intervention did not have a significant effect on the timeliness of office visits to primary care providers after hospitalization or risk of rehospitalization. Geriatrics Society.
DOI of Published Version
J Am Geriatr Soc. 2014 May;62(5):865-71. doi: 10.1111/jgs.12798 Link to article on publisher's site
Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Gurwitz JH, Field TS, Ogarek J, Tjia J, Cutrona SL, Harrold LR, Gagne SJ, Preusse P, Donovan JL, Kanaan AO, Reed GW, Garber LD. (2014). An electronic health record-based intervention to increase follow-up office visits and decrease rehospitalization in older adults. UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Supported Publications. https://doi.org/10.1111/jgs.12798. Retrieved from https://escholarship.umassmed.edu/umccts_pubs/25