UMMS Affiliation

Department of Population and Quantitative Health Sciences; Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences

Publication Date


Document Type



Dental Hygiene | Geriatrics | Health Services Research | Stomatognathic Diseases | Translational Medical Research


OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the extent to which dental health care visits in the past year differed among older adults with and without edentulism.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study using the 2017 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey among participants aged > /=50 years (n = 10,480, weighted = 112,116,641). Two self-reported outcome variables were used: loss of all teeth from upper and lower jaws (yes/no) and dental visit in the last 12 months (yes/no). Logistic models were used to estimate adjusted odds ratios (aOR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI).

RESULTS: Overall, 11.4% of the non-institutionalized U.S. population aged > /=50 years were edentulous; the prevalence was higher in those with advanced age. Adherence to annual oral health visits was 16% among those with edentulism, 52% among those without. The prevalence of dental care visits in the past year was higher among those with advanced age without edentulism, but for those with edentulism, the odds of visiting a dental care provider was lower in all age groups compared to those 50-59 years ((60-69 years): aOR: 0.58, CI:0.36-0.95; (70-79 years): aOR: 0.51, CI: 0.30-0.88; ( > /= 80 years): aOR: 0.45, CI: 0.26-0.80)).

CONCLUSION: Although the prevalence of edentulism was higher in those with advanced age, oral health visits during the last 12 months were less frequent in older adults with edentulism. Interventions to improve adherence to dental care recommendations in the growing aging population are warranted.


aging, edentulous, health services research, UMCCTS funding

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© 2020 The Authors. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

DOI of Published Version



Foiles Sifuentes AM, Castaneda-Avila MA, Lapane KL. The relationship of aging, complete tooth loss, and having a dental visit in the last 12 months. Clin Exp Dent Res. 2020 Jul 31. doi: 10.1002/cre2.309. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 32737945. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Clinical and experimental dental research

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Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.