Program in Molecular Medicine
Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins | Cell Biology | Cells | Cellular and Molecular Physiology | Digestive System | Endocrine System | Genetic Phenomena | Translational Medical Research
Intestinal stem cells in the adult Drosophila midgut are regulated by growth factors produced from the surrounding niche cells including enterocytes and visceral muscle. The role of the other major cell type, the secretory enteroendocrine cells, in regulating intestinal stem cells remains unclear. We show here that newly eclosed scute loss-of-function mutant flies are completely devoid of enteroendocrine cells. These enteroendocrine cell-less flies have normal ingestion and fecundity but shorter lifespan. Moreover, in these newly eclosed mutant flies, the diet-stimulated midgut growth that depends on the insulin-like peptide 3 expression in the surrounding muscle is defective. The depletion of Tachykinin-producing enteroendocrine cells or knockdown of Tachykinin leads to a similar although less severe phenotype. These results establish that enteroendocrine cells serve as an important link between diet and visceral muscle expression of an insulin-like growth factor to stimulate intestinal stem cell proliferation and tissue growth.
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This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/). Copyright 2014 The Authors.
DOI of Published Version
Cell Rep. 2014 Oct 9;9(1):32-39. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2014.08.052. Epub 2014 Sep 25. Link to article on publisher's site
Amcheslavsky, Alla; Song, Wei; Li, Qi; Nie, Yingchao; Bragatto, Ivan; Ferrandon, Dominique; Perrimon, Norbert; and Ip, Y. Tony, "Enteroendocrine cells support intestinal stem-cell-mediated homeostasis in Drosophila" (2014). UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Supported Publications. 186.
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