Peptidylarginine deiminase inhibition is immunomodulatory and vasculoprotective in murine lupus.
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology
Animals; Autoantibodies; Bone Marrow Cells; Cardiovascular Diseases; Carotid Artery Thrombosis; Cell Differentiation; Cells, Cultured; Disease Models, Animal; Endothelium; Female; Humans; Hydrolases; Injections, Subcutaneous; Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic; Mice; Mice, Inbred BALB C; Mice, Inbred C57BL; Neutrophils; Ornithine; Phenotype; Stem Cells; Vasodilation
Biochemistry | Enzymes and Coenzymes | Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry | Therapeutics
Recent evidence suggests that enhanced neutrophil extracellular trap (NET) formation activates plasmacytoid dendritic cells and serves as a source of autoantigens in SLE. We propose that aberrant NET formation is also linked to organ damage and to the premature vascular disease characteristic of human SLE. Here, we demonstrate enhanced NET formation in the New Zealand mixed 2328 (NZM) model of murine lupus. NZM mice also developed autoantibodies to NETs as well as the ortholog of human cathelicidin/LL37 (CRAMP), a molecule externalized in the NETs. NZM mice were treated with Cl-amidine, an inhibitor of peptidylarginine deiminases (PAD), to block NET formation and were evaluated for lupus-like disease activity, endothelial function, and prothrombotic phenotype. Cl-amidine treatment inhibited NZM NET formation in vivo and significantly altered circulating autoantibody profiles and complement levels while reducing glomerular IgG deposition. Further, Cl-amidine increased the differentiation capacity of bone marrow endothelial progenitor cells, improved endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation, and markedly delayed time to arterial thrombosis induced by photochemical injury. Overall, these findings suggest that PAD inhibition can modulate phenotypes crucial for lupus pathogenesis and disease activity and may represent an important strategy for mitigating cardiovascular risk in lupus patients.
DOI of Published Version
J Clin Invest. 2013 Jul;123(7):2981-93. doi: 10.1172/JCI67390. Epub 2013 Jun 3. Link to article on publisher's site
The Journal of clinical investigation
Knight, Jason S.; Zhao, Wenpu; Luo, Wei; Subramanian, Venkataraman; O'Dell, Alexander A.; Yalavarthi, Srilakshmi; Hodgin, Jeffrey B.; Eitzman, Daniel T.; Thompson, Paul R.; and Kaplan, Mariana J., "Peptidylarginine deiminase inhibition is immunomodulatory and vasculoprotective in murine lupus." (2013). Thompson Lab Publications. 25.