cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II) cross-linking of the human myeloid cell nuclear differentiation antigen to DNA in HL-60 cells following 1,25-dihydroxy vitamin D3-induced monocyte differentiation

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Department of Cell Biology

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Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic; Calcitriol; Cell Differentiation; Cell Line; Cisplatin; DNA, Neoplasm; Humans; Immunoblotting; Leukemia, Myeloid; Monocytes; Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate


Cell Biology


Protein-DNA interactions of the human myeloid cell nuclear differentiation antigen (MNDA) were examined in vivo in proliferating HL-60 promyelocytic leukemia cells and following induction of differentiation by 1,25-dehydroxyvitamin D3. Intact cells were treated with the reversible cross-linking agent cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II) and the MNDA levels in the isolated protein-DNA complexes were determined. Less than 1% of the total intracellular level of MNDA was cross-linked to DNA in the noninduced proliferating HL-60 cells. Once the cells were induced to differentiate into monocytes, the amount of antigen cross-linked to the DNA increased to over 5% of the total intracellular level. The increased efficiency of cross-linking the MNDA to DNA was specific for monocyte-induced HL-60 differentiation, achieved with three inducers, and was not observed in association with granulocyte-induced differentiation. On a molar basis the phorbol ester (12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate) was the most effective inducer of monocyte differentiation, followed by 1,25-dihydroxy-16-ene-23-ynecholecalciferol which was more effective than 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol. A cesium chloride gradient analysis of the nucleic acid-protein fraction isolation from cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II)-treated, monocyte-induced HL-60 cells documented the authenticity of the association between the MNDA and DNA. The results indicate that a significant level of chromatin reorganization may accompany monocyte-induced differentiation that leads to much higher levels of MNDA-DNA cross-linking to DNA. The expression of the MNDA is restricted to human myeloid cells and the present results indicate that a fraction of this low abundance nuclear protein is specifically located near the DNA [within cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II) cross-linking distance] and that this association may be modulated specifically during monocyte differentiation.


Cancer Res. 1990 Feb 15;50(4):1183-8.

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Cancer research

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