Expression of heat shock genes during differentiation of mammalian osteoblasts and promyelocytic leukemia cells

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Cell Biology

Publication Date


Document Type



Animals; Blotting, Northern; Cell Differentiation; Cells, Cultured; Heat-Shock Proteins; Humans; Kinetics; Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute; Osteoblasts; RNA, Messenger; Rats; Tumor Cells, Cultured


Cell Biology


The progressive differentiation of both normal rat osteoblasts and HL-60 promyelocytic leukemia cells involves the sequential expression of specific genes encoding proteins that are characteristic of their respective developing cellular phenotypes. In addition to the selective expression of various phenotype marker genes, several members of the heat shock gene family exhibit differential expression throughout the developmental sequence of these two cell types. As determined by steady state mRNA levels, in both osteoblasts and HL-60 cells expression of hsp27, hsp60, hsp70, hsp89 alpha, and hsp89 beta may be associated with the modifications in gene expression and cellular architecture that occur during differentiation. In both differentiation systems, the expression of hsp27 mRNA shows a 2.5-fold increase with the down-regulation of proliferation while hsp60 mRNA levels are maximal during active proliferation and subsequently decline post-proliferatively. mRNA expression of two members of the hsp90 family decreases with the shutdown of proliferation, with a parallel relationship between hsp89 alpha mRNA levels and proliferation in osteoblasts and a delay in down-regulation of hsp89 alpha mRNA levels in HL-60 cells and of hsp89 beta mRNA in both systems. Hsp70 mRNA rapidly increases, almost twofold, as proliferation decreases in HL-60 cells but during osteoblast growth and differentiation was only minimally detectable and showed no significant changes. Although the presence of the various hsp mRNA species is maintained at some level throughout the developmental sequence of both osteoblasts and HL-60 cells, changes in the extent to which the heat shock genes are expressed occur primarily in association with the decline of proliferative activity. The observed differences in patterns of expression for the various heat shock genes are consistent with involvement in mediating a series of regulatory events functionally related to the control of both cell growth and differentiation.

DOI of Published Version



J Cell Biochem. 1992 Mar;48(3):277-87. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Journal of cellular biochemistry

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PubMed ID