School of Medicine; Senior Scholars Program
Matthew Brown, MD
Anesthesia and Analgesia | Diagnosis | Medical Education | Medical Physiology | Musculoskeletal Diseases | Pain Management | Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms | Therapeutics
Purpose of Review: Low back pain encompasses three distinct sources: axial lumbosacral, radicular, and referred pain. Annually, the prevalence of low back pain in the general U.S. adult population is 10-30%, and the lifetime prevalence of U.S. adults is as high as 65-80%.
Recent Findings: Patient history, physical exam, and diagnostic testing are important components to accurate diagnosis and identification of patient pathophysiology. Etiologies of low back pain include myofascial pain, facet joint pain, sacroiliac joint pain, discogenic pain, and spinal stenosis, and failed back surgery. In chronic back pain patients, a multidisciplinary, logical approach to treatment is most effective and can include multimodal medical, psychological, physical, and interventional approaches.
Summary: Low back pain is a difficult condition to effectively treat and continues to affect millions of Americans every year. In the current investigation, we present a comprehensive review of low back pain and discuss associated pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment.
low back pain, diagnosis, pathophysiology, treatment
Rights and Permissions
Copyright is held by the author(s), with all rights reserved.
DOI of Published Version
2019 Senior Scholars Program Poster Presentation Day
Urits, Ivan; Burshtein, Aaron; Sharma, Medha; Testa, Lauren; Gold, Peter A.; Orhurhu, Vwaire; Viswanath, Omar; Jones, Mark R.; Sidransky, Moises A.; and Kaye, Alan D., "Low Back Pain, a Comprehensive Review: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, and Treatment (poster)" (2019). University of Massachusetts Medical School. Senior Scholars Program. Paper 268.
Anesthesia and Analgesia Commons, Diagnosis Commons, Medical Education Commons, Medical Physiology Commons, Musculoskeletal Diseases Commons, Pain Management Commons, Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms Commons, Therapeutics Commons