Office-based anesthesia: safety and outcomes

UMMS Affiliation

School of Medicine; Senior Scholars Program; Department of Family Medicine and Community Health

Faculty Mentor

Fred Shapiro (Harvard Medical School) and Frank Domino (UMMS Department of Family Medicine and Community Health)

Publication Date


Document Type



Accreditation; Ambulatory Care; *Ambulatory Surgical Procedures; Anesthesia; Certification; Humans; Patient Safety; Patient Selection; Quality Improvement; Quality Indicators, Health Care; Risk Assessment; Risk Factors; Treatment Outcome


Anesthesia and Analgesia | Anesthesiology


The increasing volume of office-based medical and surgical procedures has fostered the emergence of office-based anesthesia (OBA), a subspecialty within ambulatory anesthesia. The growth of OBA has been facilitated by numerous trends, including innovations in medical and surgical procedures and anesthetic drugs, as well as improved provider reimbursement and greater convenience for patients. There is a lack of randomized controlled trials to determine how office-based procedures and anesthesia affect patient morbidity and mortality. As a result, studies on this topic are retrospective in nature. Some of the early literature broaches concerns about the safety of office-based procedures and anesthesia. However, more recent data have shown that care in ambulatory settings is comparable to hospitals and ambulatory surgery centers, especially when offices are accredited and their proceduralists are board-certified. Office-based suites can continue to enhance the quality of care that they deliver to patients by engaging in proper procedure and patient selection, provider credentialing, facility accreditation, and incorporating patient safety checklists and professional society guidelines into practice. These strategies aiming at patient morbidity and mortality in the office setting will be increasingly important as more states, and possibly the federal government, exercise regulatory authority over the ambulatory setting. We explore these trends, their implications for patient safety, strategies for minimizing patient complications and mortality in OBA, and future developments that could impact the field.

DOI of Published Version



Anesth Analg. 2014 Aug;119(2):276-85. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000000313. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Anesthesia and analgesia


Noah Rosenberg participated in this study as a medical student as part of the Senior Scholars research program at the University of Massachusetts Medical School.

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID