School of Medicine
Fred Shapiro (Harvard Medical School) and Frank Domino (UMass Medical School, Department of Family Medicine and Community Health)
Health Services Research | Plastic Surgery | Surgery
OBJECTIVE: To implement a customizable checklist in an interdisciplinary, team-based plastic surgery setting to reduce surgical complications.
METHODS: We examined the effects on patient outcomes and documentation of a customizable, office-based surgical safety checklist. On the basis of the World Health Organization Surgical Safety Checklist, we developed a 28-element, perioperative checklist for use in the office-based surgical setting. The checklist was implemented in an office-based plastic surgery practice with an already high standard of care. We recorded baseline, prechecklist rates for each checklist item and postoperative adverse outcomes via a retrospective chart review of 219 cases. After an education program and 30-day run-in period, a prospective, post-checklist implementation chart review was initiated (n = 184), with outcome data compared to the baseline.
RESULTS: The total number of complications per 100 patients decreased from 15.1 to 2.72 after checklist implementation (P < .0001), for an absolute risk reduction of 12.4. The proportion of patients with one or more complications decreased from 11.9% to 2.72% (P = .0006). Site and side marking increased from 69.9% prechecklist to 97.8% (P < .0001). Medical optimization increased from 90.9% to 99.5% (P < .0001). Emergency medical services (EMS) policy confirmation, case-specific equipment availability, anticipation of estimated blood loss, and verbal confirmation of local anesthetic toxicity precautions increased from 0% to 90.0% (P < .0001), 92.4% (P < .0001), 82.1% (P < .0001), and 91.3% (P < .0001), respectively. Assessment of patient satisfaction increased from 57.1% to 90.8% (P < .0001).
CONCLUSIONS: Implementation of a customizable checklist was associated with a reduction in surgical complications in an office-based plastic surgery practice with an already high standard of care.
Rights and Permissions
Copyright © 2012 The Author(s). This is an open-access article whereby the authors retain copyright of the work. The article is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/1.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Eplasty. 2012;12:e59. Epub 2012 Dec 25.
Rosenberg, Noah M.; Urman, Richard D.; Gallagher, Sean; Stenglein, John; Liu, Xiaoxia; and Shapiro, Fred E., "Effect of an office-based surgical safety system on patient outcomes" (2012). University of Massachusetts Medical School. Senior Scholars Program. Paper 201.