Enjoyment, Barriers, and Beliefs About Physical Activity in Adolescents With and Without Autism Spectrum Disorder
Eunice Kennedy Shriver Center; Department of Family Medicine and Community Health; Department of Psychiatry
Disability Studies | Exercise Science | Mental and Social Health | Psychiatry and Psychology | Psychology | Public Health
The authors compared physical activity enjoyment, perceived barriers, beliefs, and self-efficacy between adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and typically developing (TD) adolescents. A questionnaire was verbally administered to 35 adolescents with ASD and 60 TD adolescents. Compared with TD adolescents, fewer adolescents with ASD enjoyed team sports (65% vs. 95%, p < .001) and physical education (84% vs. 98%, p = .02). A greater proportion of adolescents with ASD perceived that physical activities were too hard to learn (16% vs. 0%, p < .01), and fewer believed that physical activity was a way to make friends (68% vs. 97%, p < .001). Fewer adolescents with ASD preferred to do physical activity in their free time (25% vs. 58%, p < .01). Most adolescents with ASD felt that physical activity is fun (84%), but the proportion was lower than in TD adolescents (98%, p = .03). Some perceptions about physical activity were similar between the 2 groups, but differences identified may inform program development.
DOI of Published Version
Stanish H, Curtin C, Must A, Phillips S, Maslin M, Bandini L. Enjoyment, Barriers, and Beliefs About Physical Activity in Adolescents With and Without Autism Spectrum Disorder. Adapt Phys Activ Q. 2015 Oct;32(4):302-17. doi: 10.1123/APAQ.2015-0038. PMID: 26485735; PMCID: PMC4766586. Link to article on publisher's site
Adapted physical activity quarterly : APAQ
Stanish HI, Curtin C, Must A, Phillips S, Maslin MC, Bandini L. (2015). Enjoyment, Barriers, and Beliefs About Physical Activity in Adolescents With and Without Autism Spectrum Disorder. Eunice Kennedy Shriver Center Publications. https://doi.org/10.1123/APAQ.2015-0038. Retrieved from https://escholarship.umassmed.edu/shriver_pp/70