Title

Enjoyment, Barriers, and Beliefs About Physical Activity in Adolescents With and Without Autism Spectrum Disorder

UMMS Affiliation

Eunice Kennedy Shriver Center; Department of Family Medicine and Community Health; Department of Psychiatry

Publication Date

2015-10-01

Document Type

Article

Disciplines

Disability Studies | Exercise Science | Mental and Social Health | Psychiatry and Psychology | Psychology | Public Health

Abstract

The authors compared physical activity enjoyment, perceived barriers, beliefs, and self-efficacy between adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and typically developing (TD) adolescents. A questionnaire was verbally administered to 35 adolescents with ASD and 60 TD adolescents. Compared with TD adolescents, fewer adolescents with ASD enjoyed team sports (65% vs. 95%, p < .001) and physical education (84% vs. 98%, p = .02). A greater proportion of adolescents with ASD perceived that physical activities were too hard to learn (16% vs. 0%, p < .01), and fewer believed that physical activity was a way to make friends (68% vs. 97%, p < .001). Fewer adolescents with ASD preferred to do physical activity in their free time (25% vs. 58%, p < .01). Most adolescents with ASD felt that physical activity is fun (84%), but the proportion was lower than in TD adolescents (98%, p = .03). Some perceptions about physical activity were similar between the 2 groups, but differences identified may inform program development.

DOI of Published Version

10.1123/APAQ.2015-0038

Source

Stanish H, Curtin C, Must A, Phillips S, Maslin M, Bandini L. Enjoyment, Barriers, and Beliefs About Physical Activity in Adolescents With and Without Autism Spectrum Disorder. Adapt Phys Activ Q. 2015 Oct;32(4):302-17. doi: 10.1123/APAQ.2015-0038. PMID: 26485735; PMCID: PMC4766586. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Adapted physical activity quarterly : APAQ

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID

26485735

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