RNA Therapeutics Institute Publications

UMMS Affiliation

RNA Therapeutics Institute; Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology

Publication Date


Document Type



Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology | Cell and Developmental Biology | Genetics and Genomics | Therapeutics


Translation of genetic information encoded in messenger RNAs into polypeptide sequences is carried out by ribosomes in all organisms. When a full protein is synthesized, a stop codon positioned in the ribosomal A site signals termination of translation and protein release. Translation termination depends on class I release factors. Recently, atomic-resolution crystal structures were determined for bacterial 70S ribosome termination complexes bound with release factors RF1 or RF2. In combination with recent biochemical studies, the structures resolve long-standing questions about translation termination. They bring insights into the mechanisms of recognition of all three stop codons, peptidyl-tRNA hydrolysis, and coordination of stop-codon recognition with peptidyl-tRNA hydrolysis. In this review, the structural aspects of these mechanisms are discussed.


70S ribosome, RF1, RF2, crystal structures, release factors

Rights and Permissions

Copyright © 2011 RNA Society. Freely available online through the RNA Open Access option. Publisher pdf posted as allowed by the publisher's author rights policy at http://rnajournal.cshlp.org/site/misc/terms.xhtml.

DOI of Published Version



RNA. 2011 Aug;17(8):1409-21. doi: 10.1261/rna.2733411. Epub 2011 Jun 23. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

RNA (New York, N.Y.)

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID