Retrospective assessment of prevalence of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) after implementation of a new guideline for the use of gadobenate dimeglumine as a sole contrast agent for magnetic resonance examination in renally impaired patients

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology

Publication Date


Document Type



Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Comorbidity; Contrast Media; Female; Humans; Magnetic Resonance Imaging; Male; Massachusetts; Meglumine; Middle Aged; Nephrogenic Fibrosing Dermopathy; Organometallic Compounds; *Practice Guidelines as Topic; Prevalence; Renal Insufficiency; Retrospective Studies; Risk Assessment; Risk Factors


Musculoskeletal Diseases | Rheumatology | Skin and Connective Tissue Diseases


From May 2007 to January 2008, patients with Stage 3-5 chronic kidney disease (CKD) undergoing gadobenate dimeglumine (GBD)-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) examinations were included in the retrospective investigation. The electronic medical records were reviewed to assess the prevalence of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) in renally impaired patients underwent GBD-enhanced MR examinations. In all, 250 patients (98 men, mean age 72.6 years) were included: 97% of the patients had Stage 3 CKD (estimated GFR 30-59 mL/min/1.73 m(2)); 37% had been exclusively exposed to GBD. The remaining were exposed to GBD and other gadolinium-based contrast agents (GBCAs). The mean dose of GBD was 22 mL (standard deviation [SD], 11.2). Including exposure to other GBCAs, the mean cumulative dose of gadolinium was 61 mL (SD, 62.3). A total of 206 patients (82%) had skin examinations following the last GBD administration (mean duration, 108 days). No evidence of suspected or diagnosed NSF was found. In conclusion, on the basis of a retrospective chart review there was no skin evidence of NSF in predominantly Stage 3 CKD patients who were exposed to GBD at an average follow-up of 108 days, either solely or in combination with other GBCAs. J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2009;30:1335-1340. (c) 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

DOI of Published Version



J Magn Reson Imaging. 2009 Dec;30(6):1335-40. doi: 10.1002/jmri.21976. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Journal of magnetic resonance imaging : JMRI

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PubMed ID