Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis: a gadolinium-associated fibrosing disorder in patients with renal dysfunction
Department of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology
Contrast Media; Drug Eruptions; Gadolinium; Humans; Hyperpigmentation; Nephrogenic Fibrosing Dermopathy; Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
Musculoskeletal Diseases | Rheumatology | Skin and Connective Tissue Diseases
Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) is a debilitating fibrosing disorder that develops in patients with underlying kidney disease following exposure to gadolinium-containing contrast agents. NSF presents with cutaneous hyperpigmentation and induration and joint contractures, but fibrosis may also develop in other organs. NSF has been observed in up to 18% of patients receiving chronic haemodialysis and also may occur in individuals with stages 3 and 4 chronic kidney disease and, occasionally, in individuals who had experienced acute renal failure. Mortality is increased significantly among individuals with NSF. Although no medical treatment has been proved to be universally effective in patients with NSF, imatinib mesylate shows potential as a therapeutic agent and is currently being studied in these patients.
DOI of Published Version
Ann Rheum Dis. 2008 Dec;67 Suppl 3:iii66-9. doi: 10.1136/ard.2008.102475. Link to article on publisher's site
Annals of the rheumatic diseases
Kay, Jonathan, "Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis: a gadolinium-associated fibrosing disorder in patients with renal dysfunction" (2008). Rheumatology Publications and Presentations. 134.