Insights into the efficacy of golimumab plus methotrexate in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis who discontinued prior anti-tumour necrosis factor therapy: post-hoc analyses from the GO-AFTER study
Department of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology
Adult; Aged; Antibodies, Monoclonal; Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized; Antirheumatic Agents; Arthritis, Rheumatoid; Drug Administration Schedule; Drug Substitution; Drug Therapy, Combination; Female; Humans; Immunoglobulin G; Injections, Subcutaneous; Male; Methotrexate; Middle Aged; Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor; Severity of Illness Index; Treatment Outcome; Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
Musculoskeletal Diseases | Rheumatology | Skin and Connective Tissue Diseases
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate golimumab in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and previous tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) inhibitor use.
METHODS: Patients (n=461) previously receiving > /=1 TNF inhibitor were randomised to subcutaneous injections of placebo, golimumab 50 mg or golimumab 100 mg q4 weeks. Primary endpoint ( > /=20% improvement in American College of Rheumatology (ACR20) criteria at week 14) findings have been reported for all patients in the trial. Reported herein are further assessments of efficacy/safety among patients receiving golimumab+methotrexate (MTX).
RESULTS: Among efficacy-evaluable patients who received MTX at baseline, more receiving golimumab+MTX (n=201) than placebo+MTX (n=103) achieved ACR20 (40.8% vs 14.6%), ACR50 (20.9% vs 3.9%), and ACR70 (11.4% vs 2.9%) responses at week 24. Among the 137 patients who had received only one prior TNF inhibitor (adalimumab, n=33; etanercept, n=47; and infliximab, n=57), week 24 ACR20 rates were 30.3%, 46.8% and 50.9%, respectively, and thus lowest among those who previously used adalimumab. ACR20 response rates were 44.5% (61/137), 36.2% (17/47) and 23.5% (4/17) among patients who had received one, two or three TNF inhibitors, respectively. Adverse event (AE) rates were comparable across type/number of prior anti-TNF agents, but appeared somewhat higher among patients who discontinued previous TNF inhibitor(s) due to intolerance (37/49, 75.5%) versus lack of efficacy (LOE, 113/191, 59.2%).
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with active RA previously treated with > /=1 TNF inhibitor had clinically relevant improvement with golimumab+MTX, which appeared somewhat enhanced among those who received only etanercept or infliximab as their prior TNF inhibitor. Golimumab+MTX safety appeared similar across patients, regardless of TNF inhibitor(s) previously used, with fewer AEs occurring among patients who discontinued prior therapy for LOE. already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.
golimumab, methotrexate, rheumatoid arthritis
DOI of Published Version
Smolen JS, Kay J, Matteson EL, Landewé R, Hsia EC, Xu S, Zhou Y, Doyle MK. Insights into the efficacy of golimumab plus methotrexate in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis who discontinued prior anti-tumour necrosis factor therapy: post-hoc analyses from the GO-AFTER study. Ann Rheum Dis. 2014 Oct;73(10):1811-8. doi: 10.1136/annrheumdis-2013-203435. Epub 2013 Jul 29. PubMed PMID: 23897769; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4173740. Link to article on publisher's site
Annals of the rheumatic diseases
Smolen JS, Kay J, Matteson EL, Landewe R, Hsia EC, Xu S, Zhou Y, Doyle MK. (2014). Insights into the efficacy of golimumab plus methotrexate in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis who discontinued prior anti-tumour necrosis factor therapy: post-hoc analyses from the GO-AFTER study. Rheumatology Publications. https://doi.org/10.1136/annrheumdis-2013-203435. Retrieved from https://escholarship.umassmed.edu/rheumatology_pubs/106
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