In vivo fluorescence lifetime detection of an activatable probe in infarcted myocardium

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Radiology

Publication Date


Document Type



Animals; Biological Markers; Cathepsins; Mice; Mice, Inbred C57BL; Microscopy, Fluorescence; Molecular Imaging; Molecular Probe Techniques; Myocardial Infarction; Polymers; Spectrometry, Fluorescence


Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins | Cardiovascular System | Chemistry | Diagnosis | Investigative Techniques | Radiology


Activatable fluorescent molecular probes are predominantly nonfluorescent in their inactivated state due to intramolecular quenching, but increase fluorescence yield significantly after enzyme-mediated hydrolysis of peptides. Continuous wave in vivo detection of these protease-activatable fluorophores in the heart, however, is limited by the inability to differentiate between activated and nonactivated fractions of the probe and is frequently complicated by large background signal from probe accumulation in the liver. Using a cathepsin-activatable near-infrared probe (PGC-800), we demonstrate here that fluorescence lifetime (FL) significantly increases in infarcted murine myocardial tissue (0.67 ns) when compared with healthy myocardium (0.59 ns) after 24 h. Furthermore, we show that lifetime contrast can be used to distinguish in vivo cardiac fluorescence from background nonspecific liver signal. The results of this study show that lifetime contrast is a helpful addition to preclinical imaging of activatable fluorophores in the myocardium by reporting molecular activity in vivo due to changes in intramolecular quenching. This characterization of FL from activatable molecular probes will be helpful for advancing in vivo imaging of enzyme activity.

DOI of Published Version



J Biomed Opt. 2012 May;17(5):056001. doi: 10.1117/1.JBO.17.5.056001. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Journal of biomedical optics

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID