Division of Neurointerventional Radiology, Department of Radiology
Cardiovascular Diseases | Nervous System Diseases | Neurology | Neurosurgery | Radiology | Virus Diseases
BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggest that the mechanisms and outcomes in COVID-19-associated stroke differ from those with non-COVID-19 strokes, but there is limited comparative evidence focusing on these populations. Therefore, we aimed to determine if a significant association exists between COVID-19 status with revascularization and functional outcomes following thrombectomy for large vessel occlusion (LVO), after adjustment for potential confounding factors.
METHODS: A cross-sectional, international multicenter retrospective study of consecutively admitted COVID-19 patients with concomitant acute LVO, compared to a control group without COVID-19. Data collected included age, gender, comorbidities, clinical characteristics, details of the involved vessels, procedural technique, and various outcomes. A multivariable adjusted analysis was conducted.
RESULTS: In this cohort of 697 patients with acute LVO, 302 had COVID-19 while 395 patients did not. There was a significant difference (p < 0.001) in the mean age (in years) and gender of patients, with younger patients and more males in the COVID-19 group. In terms of favorable revascularization (mTICI 3), COVID-19 was associated with lower odds of complete revascularization [OR=0.33; 95% CI=0.23-0.48; p < 0.001], which persisted on multivariable modelling with adjustment for other predictors [aOR=0.30; 95% CI=0.12-0.77; p=0.012]. Moreover, endovascular complications, in-hospital mortality, and length of hospital stay were significantly higher among COVID-19 patients (p < 0.001).
CONCLUSION: COVID-19 was an independent predictor of incomplete revascularization and poor functional outcome in patients with stroke due to LVO. Furthermore, COVID-19 patients with LVO were more often younger and suffered higher morbidity/mortality rates.
COVID-19, Stroke, large vessel occlusion, morbidity, mortality
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DOI of Published Version
Dmytriw AA, Ghozy S, Sweid A, Piotin M, Bekelis K, Sourour N, Raz E, Vela-Duarte D, Linfante I, Dabus G, Kole M, Martínez-Galdámez M, Nimjee SM, Lopes DK, Hassan AE, Kan P, Ghorbani M, Levitt MR, Escalard S, Missios S, Shapiro M, Clarençon F, Elhorany M, Tahir RA, Youssef PP, Pandey AS, Starke RM, El Naamani K, Abbas R, Mansour OY, Galvan J, Billingsley JT, Mortazavi A, Walker M, Dibas M, Settecase F, Heran MKS, Kuhn AL, Puri AS, Menon BK, Sivakumar S, Mowla A, D'Amato S, Zha AM, Cooke D, Vranic JE, Regenhardt RW, Rabinov JD, Stapleton CJ, Goyal M, Wu H, Cohen J, Turkel-Parella D, Xavier A, Waqas M, Tutino V, Siddiqui A, Gupta G, Nanda A, Khandelwal P, Tiu C, Portela PC, Perez de la Ossa N, Urra X, de Lera M, Arenillas JF, Ribo M, Requena M, Piano M, Pero G, De Sousa K, Al-Mufti F, Hashim Z, Nayak S, Renieri L, Du R, Aziz-Sultan MA, Liebeskind D, Nogueira RG, Abdalkader M, Nguyen TN, Vigilante N, Siegler JE, Grossberg JA, Saad H, Gooch MR, Herial NA, Rosenwasser RH, Tjoumakaris S, Patel AB, Tiwari A, Jabbour P; North American Neurovascular COVID-19 (NAN-C) Consortium & Society of Vascular and Interventional Neurology (SVIN) Investigators. International Controlled Study of Revascularization and Outcomes Following COVID-Positive Mechanical Thrombectomy. Eur J Neurol. 2022 Jul 12. doi: 10.1111/ene.15493. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 35818781. Link to article on publisher's site
European journal of neurology
Dmytriw AA, Kuhn AL, Puri AS, Jabbour P. (2022). International Controlled Study of Revascularization and Outcomes Following COVID-Positive Mechanical Thrombectomy. Radiology Publications. https://doi.org/10.1111/ene.15493. Retrieved from https://escholarship.umassmed.edu/radiology_pubs/702
Available for download on Wednesday, July 12, 2023