UMMS Affiliation

Department of Radiology

Publication Date

2022-03-15

Document Type

Article

Disciplines

Cardiovascular Diseases | Neurology | Neurosurgery | Radiology

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The pipeline embolization device (PED; Medtronic) has presented as a safe and efficacious treatment for small- and medium-sized intracranial aneurysms. Independently adjudicated long-term results of the device in treating these lesions are still indeterminate. We present 3-year results, with additional application of a flow diverter specific occlusion scale.

METHODS: PREMIER (prospective study on embolization of intracranial aneurysms with pipeline embolization device) is a prospective, single-arm trial. Inclusion criteria were patients with unruptured wide-necked intracranial aneurysms < /=12 mm. Primary effectiveness (complete aneurysm occlusion) and safety (major neurologic event) endpoints were independently monitored and adjudicated.

RESULTS: As per the protocol, of 141 patients treated with a PED, 25 (17.7%) required angiographic follow-up after the first year due to incomplete aneurysm occlusion. According to the Core Radiology Laboratory review, three (12%) of these patients progressed to complete occlusion, with an overall rate of complete aneurysm occlusion at 3 years of 83.3% (115/138). Further angiographic evaluation using the modified Cekirge-Saatci classification demonstrated that complete occlusion, neck residual, or aneurysm size reduction occurred in 97.1%. The overall combined safety endpoint at 3 years was 2.8% (4/141), with only one non-debilitating major event occurring after the first year. There was one case of aneurysm recurrence but no cases of delayed rupture in this series.

CONCLUSIONS: The PED device presents as a safe and effective modality in treating small- and medium-sized intracranial aneurysms. The application of a flow diverter specific occlusion classification attested the long-term durability with higher rate of successful aneurysm occlusion and no documented aneurysm rupture.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT02186561.

Keywords

aneurysm, flow diverter, intervention

Rights and Permissions

© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2022. This is an open access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited, appropriate credit is given, any changes made indicated, and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

DOI of Published Version

10.1136/neurintsurg-2021-018501

Source

Hanel RA, Cortez GM, Lopes DK, Nelson PK, Siddiqui AH, Jabbour P, Mendes Pereira V, István IS, Zaidat OO, Bettegowda C, Colby GP, Mokin M, Schirmer CM, Hellinger FR, Given C, Krings T, Taussky P, Toth G, Fraser JF, Chen M, Priest R, Kan P, Fiorella D, Frei D, Aagaard-Kienitz B, Diaz O, Malek AM, Cawley CM, Puri AS, Kallmes DF. Prospective study on embolization of intracranial aneurysms with the pipeline device (PREMIER study): 3-year results with the application of a flow diverter specific occlusion classification. J Neurointerv Surg. 2022 Mar 15:neurintsurg-2021-018501. doi: 10.1136/neurintsurg-2021-018501. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 35292570. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Journal of neurointerventional surgery

Comments

Full author list omitted for brevity. For the full list of authors, see article.

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID

35292570

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License

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