Title

Longitudinal Monitoring of Flow-Diverting Stent Tissue Coverage After Implant in a Bifurcation Model Using Neurovascular High-Frequency Optical Coherence Tomography

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Radiology; New England Center for Stroke Research

Publication Date

2020-05-28

Document Type

Article

Disciplines

Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment | Cardiovascular Diseases | Nervous System Diseases | Neurosurgery | Radiology

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Tissue growth over covered branches is a leading cause of delayed thrombotic complications after flow-diverter stenting (FDS). Due to insufficient resolution, no imaging modality is clinically available to monitor this phenomenon.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate high-frequency optical coherence tomography (HF-OCT), a novel intravascular imaging modality designed for the cerebrovascular anatomy with a resolution approaching 10 microns, to monitor tissue growth over FDS in an arterial bifurcation model.

METHODS: FDS were deployed in a rabbit model (n = 6), covering the aortic bifurcation. The animals were divided in different groups, receiving dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) (n = 4), aspirin only (n = 1), and no treatment (n = 1). HF-OCT data were obtained in vivo at 3 different time points in each animal. For each cross-sectional image, metal and tissue coverage of the jailed ostium was quantified. Scanning electron microscopy images of harvested arteries were subsequently obtained.

RESULTS: Good quality HF-OCT data sets were successfully acquired at implant and follow-up. A median value of 41 (range 21-55) cross-sectional images were analyzed per ostium for each time point. Between 0 and 30 d after implant, HF-OCT analysis showed a significantly higher ostium coverage when DAPT was not given. After 30 d, similar growth rates were found in the DAPT and in the aspirin group. At 60 d, a coverage of 90% was reached in all groups.

CONCLUSION: HF-OCT enables an accurate visualization of tissue growth over time on FDS struts. The use of FDS in bifurcation locations may induce a drastic reduction of the jailed-branch ostium area.

Keywords

Endothelialization, Flow diverter, Intracranial aneurysm, Optical coherence tomography, aspirin, stents, heart failure, follow-up, oryctolagus cuniculus, diagnostic imaging, optical coherence tomography, implants, aortic bifurcation, fluid flow, dual anti-platelet therapy, datasets

DOI of Published Version

10.1093/neuros/nyaa208

Source

Caroff J, King RM, Ughi GJ, Marosfoi M, Langan ET, Raskett C, Puri AS, Gounis MJ. Longitudinal Monitoring of Flow-Diverting Stent Tissue Coverage After Implant in a Bifurcation Model Using Neurovascular High-Frequency Optical Coherence Tomography. Neurosurgery. 2020 May 28:nyaa208. doi: 10.1093/neuros/nyaa208. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 32463884. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Neurosurgery

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID

32463884

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