Dense motion propagation from sparse samples

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Radiology, Division of Nuclear Medicine

Publication Date


Document Type



Biological and Chemical Physics | Medical Biophysics | Radiology


There are many applications for which sparse, or partial sampling of dynamic image data can be used for articulating or estimating motion within the medical imaging area. In this new work, we propose a generalized framework for dense motion propagation from sparse samples which represents an example of transfer learning and manifold alignment, allowing the transfer of knowledge across imaging sources of different domains which exhibit different features. Many such examples exist in medical imaging, from mapping 2D ultrasound or fluoroscopy to 3D or 4D data or monitoring dynamic dose delivery from partial imaging data in radiotherapy. To illustrate this approach we animate, or articulate, a high resolution static MR image with 4D free breathing respiratory motion derived from low resolution sparse planar samples of motion. In this work we demonstrate that sparse sampling of dynamic MRI may be used as a viable approach to successfully build models of free- breathing respiratory motion by constrained articulation. Such models demonstrate high contrast, and high temporal and spatial resolution that have so far been hitherto unavailable with conventional imaging methods. The articulation is based on using a propagation model, in the eigen domain, to estimate complete 4D motion vector fields from sparsely sampled free-breathing dynamic MRI data. We demonstrate that this approach can provide equivalent motion vector fields compared to fully sampled 4D dynamic data, whilst preserving the corresponding high resolution/high contrast inherent in the original static volume. Validation is performed on three 4D MRI datasets using eight extracted slices from a fast 4D acquisition (0.7 s per volume). The estimated deformation fields from sparse sampling are compared to the fully sampled equivalents, resulting in an rms error of the order of 2 mm across the entire image volume. We also present exemplar 4D high contrast, high resolution articulated volunteer datasets using this methodology. This approach facilitates greater freedom in the acquisition of free breathing respiratory motion sequences which may be used to inform motion modelling methods in a range of imaging modalities and demonstrates that sparse sampling of free breathing data may be used within a manifold alignment and transfer learning paradigm to estimate fully sampled motion. The method may also be applied to other examples of sparse sampling to produce dense motion propagation.


respiratory motion correction, PET-MR, manifold alignment, sparse motion model

DOI of Published Version



Phys Med Biol. 2019 Oct 21;64(20):205023. doi: 10.1088/1361-6560/ab41a0. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Physics in medicine and biology

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID