Still Coming Out of the Dark: Enduring Effects of Simulation-Based Communication Skills Training for Radiology Residents-Four-Year Follow-Up

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Radiology

Publication Date


Document Type



Health Communication | Medical Education | Radiology


PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term efficacy of simulation-based communication skills training for radiology residents.

METHOD AND MATERIALS: The simulation-based communication skills training curriculum was developed in 2014. The curriculum included a teaching module based on the essential elements of communication. Two sets of 6 communication scenarios encountered by radiologist were created. First and fourth year radiology residents reviewed the teaching module and completed the 6 simulated scenarios. They then underwent debriefing sessions, received faculty and staff evaluations. Four years later, the former first year residents (now fourth years) reviewed the teaching module again and repeated the simulation. They again underwent debriefing sessions after the simulation. This time the residents' communication skills were evaluated by faculty and staff.

RESULTS: A total of 5 residents participated in this simulation-based skills training. The resident performance 4 years after initial training show not only that residents maintained their improved scores, but also that their scores improved further as compared to after the initial training. The average overall score for all but 1 resident increased at the 4 year follow-up simulation. From 2014 to 2018, the average score of all the residents increased from 72.4% to 81.4%. Comparison of the average scores of each student across 6 stations from 2014 to 2018 showed a statistically significant difference between the scores after 4 years (P= 0.014).

CONCLUSIONS: Simulation-based communication skills training is effective and long lasting.

DOI of Published Version



Curr Probl Diagn Radiol. 2019 Jul 9. pii: S0363-0188(19)30119-7. doi: 10.1067/j.cpradiol.2019.07.006. [Epub ahead of print] Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Current problems in diagnostic radiology

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID