Title

Platelet-Rich Emboli in Cerebral Large Vessel Occlusion Are Associated With a Large Artery Atherosclerosis Source

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Radiology; New England Center for Stroke Research

Publication Date

2019-07-01

Document Type

Article

Disciplines

Cardiovascular Diseases | Cardiovascular System | Fluids and Secretions | Nervous System Diseases | Radiology

Abstract

Background and Purpose- Nearly 30% of large vessel occlusion acute ischemic stroke clots are from an unknown source. We assessed histological clot composition in a series of patients with large vessel occlusion and investigated correlations between clot composition and stroke pathogenesis.

Methods- As part of the multi-institutional STRIP registry (Stroke Thromboembolism Registry of Imaging and Pathology), consecutive emboli retrieved during mechanical thrombectomy were stained using Martius Scarlett Blue and analyzed using machine learning software. We assessed proportions of red blood cells, fibrin, platelets, and white blood cells. Correlations between clot components and stroke pathogenesis (large artery atherosclerosis, cardioembolism, and stroke of undetermined pathogenesis) were assessed using SPSS22.

Results- One hundred five patients were included. The proportion of platelet-rich clots (55.0% versus 21.2%; P=0.005) and percentage of platelet content (22.1+/-4.2% versus 13.9+/-14.2%; P=0.03) was significantly higher in the large artery atherosclerosis group compared with the cardioembolic group. The proportion of platelet-rich clots (50.0% versus 21.2%; P=0.024) was also significantly higher in the cryptogenic group compared with cardioembolic cases. Large artery atherosclerosis and cryptogenic cases had a similar proportion of platelet-rich clots (55.0% versus 50.0%; P=0.636). There was no significant difference between stroke pathogenesis and the other major clot components.

Conclusions- High platelet content of emboli is associated with a large artery atherosclerosis etiology of large vessel occlusion.

Keywords

arteries, blood platelets, fibrin, humans, software

DOI of Published Version

10.1161/STROKEAHA.118.024543

Source

Stroke. 2019 Jul;50(7):1907-1910. doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.118.024543. Epub 2019 May 29. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Stroke

Comments

Full author list omitted for brevity. For the full list of authors, see article.

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID

31138084

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