Impact of age on cerebral aneurysm occlusion after flow diversion
Division of Neuroimaging and Intervention, Department of Radiology; New England Center for Stroke Research; Department of Neurology
Cardiovascular Diseases | Equipment and Supplies | Nervous System Diseases | Neurology | Radiology | Surgical Procedures, Operative | Therapeutics
The purpose of this study was to evaluate safety and efficacy of the pipeline embolization device (PED) in different patient age groups with unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIA). All patients with UIA treated with the PED between 2011 and 2017 were included. Based on their age, patients were trichotomized to: young ( < /=45years), middle-aged (46 to < 65years) and older ( > /=65years) groups. Patient's vascular risk factors, presenting symptoms and mRS on admission were collected. Follow-up imaging was evaluated for presence/absence of aneurysm occlusion. Clinical outcome at discharge, 3-9months and 12-18months was also documented when available. A total of 260 patients harboring 307 aneurysms (young=57, middle-age=144 and older age group=64). Most aneurysms were located in the anterior circulation (94.8%). Overall morbidity and mortality was 2.3% each (6/260). At 3-9 months near complete to complete aneurysm occlusion was 82.5% (47/57) in the young age group, 82.6% (100/121) in the middle age, and 70.2% (40/57) in the older age group. At 12-18-month, near complete to complete occlusion was 100% in the young age group (32/32), 91.4% (64/70) in the middle age, and 78.4% (29/37) in the older age group. After adjustment for potential confounders, older age patients less frequently achieved near complete to complete occlusion by 3 years than younger subjects (p=0.009, HR 1.34 95%, CI 1.08-1.66). Our results indicate feasibility and safety of PED across different age groups. Further study is required to determine age-related factors relating to aneurysm occlusion after PED to improve outcome and patient counseling.
Age, Flow diverter, Intracranial aneurysm, Occlusion, Pipeline embolization device, Stent, Unruptured
DOI of Published Version
J Clin Neurosci. 2019 Jul;65:23-27. doi: 10.1016/j.jocn.2019.04.024. Epub 2019 May 6. Link to article on publisher's site
Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Kuhn, Anna Luisa; Kan, Peter; Henninger, Nils; Srinivasan, Visish; de Macedo Rodrigues, Katyucia; Wakhloo, Ajay K.; Gounis, Matthew J.; and Puri, Ajit S., "Impact of age on cerebral aneurysm occlusion after flow diversion" (2019). Radiology Publications and Presentations. 472.