Validation of Adult Relative Radiation Levels Using the ACR Dose Index Registry: Report of the ACR Appropriateness Criteria Radiation Exposure Subcommittee

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Radiology

Publication Date


Document Type



Environmental Public Health | Health Services Administration | Radiology


The ACR Dose Index Registry (DIR) provides a new source of clinical radiation exposure data that has not been used previously to establish or update the relative radiation level (RRL) values in the ACR Appropriateness Criteria (AC). The results of a recent review of DIR data for 10 common CT examinations were compared with current ACR AC RRL values for the same procedures. The AC RRL values were previously determined by consensus of members of the AC Radiation Exposure Subcommittee based on reference radiation dose values from the literature (when available) and anecdotal information from individual members' clinical practices and experiences. For 7 of the 10 examination types reviewed, DIR data agreed with existing RRL values. For 3 of 10 examination types, DIR data reflected lower dose values than currently rated in the AC. The Radiation Exposure Subcommittee will revise these RRL assignments in a forthcoming update to the AC (in October 2018) and will continue to monitor the DIR and associated reviews and analyses to refine RRL assignments for additional examination types. Given recent attention and efforts to reduce radiation exposure in CT and other imaging modalities, it is likely that other examination types will require revision of RRL assignments once information from the DIR database is considered.


Appropriateness criteria, CT, Dose Index Registry, radiation dose, radiation exposure

DOI of Published Version



J Am Coll Radiol. 2018 Sep 20. pii: S1546-1440(18)31000-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jacr.2018.08.008. [Epub ahead of print]. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID