Emergency Radiology Practice Patterns: Shifts, Schedules, and Job Satisfaction

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Radiology

Publication Date


Document Type



Emergency Medicine | Radiology


PURPOSE: To assess the practice environment of emergency radiologists with a focus on schedule, job satisfaction, and self-perception of health, wellness, and diagnostic accuracy. METHODS: A survey drawing from prior radiology and health care shift-work literature was distributed via e-mail to national societies, teleradiology groups, and private practices. The survey remained open for 4 weeks in 2016, with one reminder. Data were analyzed using hypothesis testing and logistic regression modeling. RESULTS: Response rate was 29.6% (327/1106); 69.1% of respondents (n = 226) were greater than 40 years old, 73% (n = 240) were male, and 87% (n = 284) practiced full time. With regard to annual overnight shifts (NS): 36% (n = 118) did none, 24.9% (n = 81) did 182 or more, and 15.6% (n = 51) did 119. There was a significant association between average NS worked per year and both perceived negative health effects (P < .01) and negative impact on memory (P < .01). There was an inverse association between overall job enjoyment and number of annual NS (P < .05). The odds of agreeing to the statement "I enjoy my job" for radiologists who work no NS is 2.21 times greater than for radiologists who work at least 119 NS, when shift length is held constant. Radiologists with 11+ years of experience who work no NS or 1 to 100 NS annually have lower odds of feeling overwhelmed when compared with those working the same number of NS with <10 years' experience. CONCLUSION: There is significant variation in emergency radiology practice patterns. Annual NS burden is associated with lower job satisfaction and negative health self-perception.


Emergency radiology, afterhours, night, radiology, shift work

DOI of Published Version



J Am Coll Radiol. 2017 Mar;14(3):345-352. doi: 10.1016/j.jacr.2016.09.018. Epub 2016 Dec 4. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR


At the time of article submission, Refky Nicola was not yet affiliated with the University of Massachusetts Medical School.

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID