Communicating non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug risks: Verbal counseling, written medicine information, and patients' risk awareness

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Quantitative Health Sciences

Publication Date


Document Type



Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal


Bioinformatics | Biostatistics | Epidemiology | Health Services Research


OBJECTIVE: To assess potential associations among physician counseling, pharmacist counseling, written medicine information (WMI) and patient awareness of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) risks.

METHODS: Three-hundred and eighty-two older, white and African American patients prescribed NSAIDs were surveyed regarding their NSAID risk awareness defined as an index score ranging from zero to four correctly identified risks (i.e., gastrointestinal bleeding, heart attack, hypertension, and kidney disease). Associations among NSAID risk awareness and patient-reported physician counseling, pharmacist counseling, and reading of WMI were evaluated in multivariable ordered logistic regression models and confirmed using path analysis.

RESULTS: Physician counseling was positively associated with reading WMI (p<0.001) and NSAID risk awareness (p<0.001). Pharmacist counseling was not associated with reading WMI (p=0.622) and neither pharmacist counseling (p=0.366) nor reading WMI (p=0.916) was associated with NSAID risk awareness.

CONCLUSIONS: Physicians play a prominent role in facilitating NSAID risk awareness whereas pharmacist counseling and WMI may have limited impact.

PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: The lack of significant associations among pharmacist counseling and reading WMI with NSAID risk awareness suggests a missed opportunity to improve patient understanding. There is a need for coordinated and effective strategies to communicate risk information among physicians and pharmacists and to better integrate WMI into this process.

DOI of Published Version



Patient Educ Couns. 2010 Dec 1. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Patient education and counseling

PubMed ID


Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed