Trends in thrombolytic use for ischemic stroke in the United States

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Quantitative Health Sciences

Publication Date


Document Type



Tissue Plasminogen Activator; Brain Ischemia; Stroke


Biostatistics | Epidemiology | Health Services Research


BACKGROUND: Although recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) improves outcomes from ischemic stroke, prior studies have found low rates of administration. Recent guidelines and regulatory agencies have advocated for increased tPA administration in appropriate patients, but it is unclear how many patients actually receive tPA.

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether national rates of tPA use for ischemic stroke have increased over time.

METHODS: We identified all patients with a primary diagnosis of ischemic stroke from years 2001 to 2006 in the National Hospital Discharge Survey (NHDS), a nationally representative sample of inpatient hospitalizations, and searched for procedure codes for intravenous thrombolytic administration. Clinical and demographic factors were obtained from the survey and multivariable logistic regression used to identify independent predictors associated with thrombolytic use.

RESULTS: Among the 22,842 patients hospitalized with ischemic stroke, tPA administration rates increased from 0.87% in 2001 to 2.40% in 2006 (P < 0.001 for trend). Older patients were less likely to receive tPA (adjusted odds ratio [OR] and 95% confidence interval [CI]; 0.4 [0.3-0.6] for patients >/=80 years vs. <60 years), as were African American patients (0.4 [0.3-0.7]). Larger hospitals were more likely to administer tPA (3.3 [2.0-5.6] in hospitals with at least 300 beds compared to those with 6-99 beds).

CONCLUSIONS: Although tPA administration for ischemic stroke has increased nationally in recent years, the overall rate of use remains very low. Larger hospitals were more likely to administer tPA. Further efforts to improve appropriate administration of tPA should be encouraged, particularly as the acceptable time-window for using tPA widens.

DOI of Published Version



J Hosp Med. 2010 Sep;5(7):406-9. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Journal of hospital medicine : an official publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine

PubMed ID


Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed