The MOS 36-item short-form health survey (SF-36). I. Conceptual framework and item selection
Department of Quantitative Health Sciences
Activities of Daily Living; Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Health Policy; Health Services Research; *Health Status; *Health Surveys; Humans; Mental Health; Middle Aged; *Outcome Assessment (Health Care); *Questionnaires; Role; Self Assessment (Psychology)
Biostatistics | Epidemiology | Health Services Research
A 36-item short-form (SF-36) was constructed to survey health status in the Medical Outcomes Study. The SF-36 was designed for use in clinical practice and research, health policy evaluations, and general population surveys. The SF-36 includes one multi-item scale that assesses eight health concepts: 1) limitations in physical activities because of health problems; 2) limitations in social activities because of physical or emotional problems; 3) limitations in usual role activities because of physical health problems; 4) bodily pain; 5) general mental health (psychological distress and well-being); 6) limitations in usual role activities because of emotional problems; 7) vitality (energy and fatigue); and 8) general health perceptions. The survey was constructed for self-administration by persons 14 years of age and older, and for administration by a trained interviewer in person or by telephone. The history of the development of the SF-36, the origin of specific items, and the logic underlying their selection are summarized. The content and features of the SF-36 are compared with the 20-item Medical Outcomes Study short-form.
Med Care. 1992 Jun;30(6):473-83. Link to article on publisher's site
Ware, John E. Jr. and Sherbourne, Cathy Donald, "The MOS 36-item short-form health survey (SF-36). I. Conceptual framework and item selection" (1992). Quantitative Health Sciences Publications and Presentations. 504.