Relationship of early life stress and psychological functioning to adult C-reactive protein in the coronary artery risk development in young adults study

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Quantitative Health Sciences

Publication Date


Document Type



Adult; Body Mass Index; C-Reactive Protein; Coronary Artery Disease; Databases, Factual; Family; Female; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Risk Assessment; Socioeconomic Factors; Stress, Psychological


Bioinformatics | Biostatistics | Epidemiology | Health Services Research


BACKGROUND: Low socioeconomic status (SES) and a harsh family environment in childhood have been linked to mental and physical health disorders in adulthood. The objective of the present investigation was to evaluate a developmental model of pathways that may help explain these links and to relate them to C-reactive protein (CRP) in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) dataset.

METHODS: Participants (n = 3248) in the CARDIA study, age 32 to 47 years, completed measures of childhood SES (CSES), early family environment (risky families [RF]), adult psychosocial functioning (PsyF, a latent factor measured by depression, mastery, and positive and negative social contacts), body mass index (BMI), and C-reactive protein.

RESULTS: Structural equation modeling indicated that CSES and RF are associated with C-reactive protein via their association with PsyF (standardized path coefficients: CSES to RF, RF to PsyF, PsyF to CRP, CSES to CRP, all p < .05), with good overall model fit. The association between PsyF and CRP was partially mediated by BMI (PsyF to BMI, BMI to CRP, both p < .05).

CONCLUSIONS: Low childhood SES and a harsh early family environment appear to be related to elevated C-reactive protein in adulthood through pathways involving psychosocial dysfunction and high body mass index.

DOI of Published Version



Biol Psychiatry. 2006 Oct 15;60(8):819-24. Epub 2006 May 19. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Biological psychiatry

PubMed ID


Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed