Challenges in improving the quality of osteoporosis care for long-term glucocorticoid users: a prospective randomized trial
Department of Quantitative Health Sciences
Adrenal Cortex Hormones; Bone Density; *Computer-Assisted Instruction; Databases as Topic; Diphosphonates; Drug Utilization; *Education, Medical; Female; Humans; Male; Mass Screening; Middle Aged; Osteoporosis; Physician's Practice Patterns; Prospective Studies; United States
Bioinformatics | Biostatistics | Epidemiology | Health Services Research
BACKGROUND: In light of widespread undertreatment for glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis (GIOP), we designed a group randomized controlled trial to increase bone mineral density (BMD) testing and osteoporosis medication prescribing among patients receiving long-term glucocorticoid therapy.
METHODS: Using administrative databases of a large US health plan, we identified physicians who prescribed long-term glucocorticoid therapy to at least 3 patients. One hundred fifty-three participating physicians were randomized to receive a 3-module Web-based GIOP intervention or control course. Intervention modules focused on GIOP management and incorporated case-based continuing medical education and personalized audit and feedback of GIOP management compared with that of the top 10% of study physicians. In the year following the intervention, we compared rates of BMD testing and osteoporosis medication prescribing between intervention and control physicians.
RESULTS: Following the intervention, intent-to-treat analyses showed that 78 intervention physicians (472 patients) vs 75 control physicians (477 patients) had similar rates of BMD testing (19% vs 21%, P = .48; rate difference, -2%; 95% confidence interval [CI], -8% to 4%) and osteoporosis medication prescribing (32% vs 29%, P = .34; rate difference, 3%; 95% CI, -3% to 9%). Among 45 physicians completing all modules (343 patients), intervention physicians had numerically but not significantly higher rates of BMD testing (26% vs 16%, P =.04; rate difference, 10%; 95% CI, 1%-20%) and bisphosphonate prescribing (24% vs 17%, P =.09; rate difference, 7%; 95% CI, -1% to 16%) or met a combined end point of BMD testing or osteoporosis medication prescribing (54% vs 44%, P =.07; rate difference, 10%; 95% CI, -1% to 21%) compared with control physicians.
CONCLUSIONS: In the main analysis, a Web-based intervention incorporating performance audit and feedback and case-based continuing medical education had no significant effect on the quality of osteoporosis care. However, dose-response trends showed that physicians with greater exposure to the intervention had higher rates of GIOP management. New cost-effective modalities are needed to improve the quality of osteoporosis care.
DOI of Published Version
Arch Intern Med. 2007 Mar 26;167(6):591-6. Link to article on publisher's site
Archives of internal medicine
Curtis, Jeffrey R.; Westfall, Andrew O.; Allison, Jeroan J.; Becker, Angela; Elkins Melton, Mary; Freeman, Allison; Kiefe, Catarina I.; MacArthur, Marilyn; Ockershausen, Theresa; Stewart, Emily; Weissman, Norman; and Saag, Kenneth G., "Challenges in improving the quality of osteoporosis care for long-term glucocorticoid users: a prospective randomized trial" (2007). Quantitative Health Sciences Publications and Presentations. 39.