Impact of father's education and parental smoking status on smoking behavior in young adults. The CARDIA study. Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Quantitative Health Sciences

Publication Date


Document Type



Adolescent; Adult; African Americans; Confidence Intervals; Cross-Sectional Studies; *Educational Status; European Continental Ancestry Group; *Fathers; Female; Humans; Longitudinal Studies; Male; Odds Ratio; Smoking


Bioinformatics | Biostatistics | Epidemiology | Health Services Research


Associations of parents' education and smoking with young adults' smoking were examined in participants aged 18-30 years at baseline (1985-1986) in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults study. Significant (p < 0.05) inverse age-adjusted associations of father's education with participant smoking status among black men, white men, and white women disappeared after adjustment for participant's education. Parental smoking status was directly related to participant smoking status for all race/sex groups. Participant education was strongly inversely related to participant smoking. Public health campaigns should consider influences of parental behaviors on children's behaviors and associations of limited education with adverse lifestyles.


Am J Epidemiol. 1995 Nov 15;142(10):1029-33.

Journal/Book/Conference Title

American journal of epidemiology

PubMed ID


Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed