UMMS Affiliation

Department of Population and Quantitative Health Sciences

Publication Date


Document Type



Community-Based Research | Health Services Administration | Military and Veterans Studies


In response to concerns about Veterans’ access to Veterans Affairs (VA) health care services, Congress passed the Veterans Access, Choice and Accountability Act of 2014 (Choice), which broadened Veterans’ eligibility to receive health care delivered by non-VA community providers paid for by VA (ie, Community Care).1 Specifically, the Veterans Choice Program (VCP) allowed Veterans waiting longer than 30 days for specific services in VA, who lived >40 miles from a VA clinic, or who experienced specific hardships in accessing VA care, the option of receiving Community Care. To help implement VCP successfully, the VA established the Office of Community Care (OCC) in fiscal year (FY) 2015 to lead the coordination of Community Care expansion. This included reorganizing local departments at each VA facility to ensure that VA/Community Care referrals across systems occurred seamlessly.


Department of Veterans Affairs, VA, patient care, community providers, community based research

Rights and Permissions

Copyright © 2021 The Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives License 4.0 (CCBY-NC-ND), where it is permissible to download and share the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be changed in any way or used commercially without permission from the journal.

DOI of Published Version



Mengeling MA, Mattocks KM, Hynes DM, Vanneman ME, Matthews KL, Rosen AK. Partnership Forum: The Role of Research in the Transformation of Veterans Affairs Community Care. Med Care. 2021 Jun 1;59(Suppl 3):S232-S241. doi: 10.1097/MLR.0000000000001488. PMID: 33976072; PMCID: PMC8132916. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Medical care

PubMed ID


Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.