Enrollment and assessment of a first-year college class social network for a controlled trial of the indirect effect of a brief motivational intervention
Department of Quantitative Health Sciences
Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms | Health Psychology | Health Services Administration | Health Services Research | Sociology
Heavy drinking and its consequences among college students represent a serious public health problem, and peer social networks are a robust predictor of drinking-related risk behaviors. In a recent trial, we administered a Brief Motivational Intervention (BMI) to a small number of first-year college students to assess the indirect effects of the intervention on peers not receiving the intervention.
OBJECTIVES: To present the research design, describe the methods used to successfully enroll a high proportion of a first-year college class network, and document participant characteristics.
METHODS: Prior to study enrollment, we consulted with a student advisory group and campus stakeholders to aid in the development of study-related procedures. Enrollment and baseline procedures were completed in the first six weeks of the academic semester. Surveys assessed demographics, alcohol use, and social network ties. Individuals were assigned to a BMI or control group according to their dormitory location.
RESULTS: The majority of incoming first-year students (1342/1660; 81%) were enrolled (55% female, 52% nonwhite, mean age 18.6 [SD=0.51]). Differences between the intervention and control group were noted in alcohol use, but were in large part a function of there being more substance-free dormitory floors in the control group.
CONCLUSIONS: The current study was successful in enrolling a large proportion of a first-year college class and can serve as a template for social network investigations.
Alcohol, College, Implementation, Intervention, Social network, Study design
DOI of Published Version
Contemp Clin Trials. 2019 Jan;76:16-23. doi: 10.1016/j.cct.2018.10.015. Epub 2018 Nov 1. Link to article on publisher's site
Contemporary clinical trials
Barnett, Nancy P.; Clark, Melissa A.; Kenney, Shannon R.; DiGuiseppi, Graham; Meisel, Matthew K.; Balestrieri, Sara; Ott, Miles Q.; and Light, John, "Enrollment and assessment of a first-year college class social network for a controlled trial of the indirect effect of a brief motivational intervention" (2019). Population and Quantitative Health Sciences Publications. 1233.