UMMS Affiliation

Department of Quantitative Health Sciences

Publication Date


Document Type

Article Postprint


Digital Communications and Networking | Epidemiology | Health Information Technology | Public Health | Systems and Communications | Theory and Algorithms


Increasing population density, closer social contact, and interactions make epidemic control difficult. Traditional offline epidemic control methods (e.g., using medical survey or medical records) or model-based approach are not effective due to its inability to gather health data and social contact information simultaneously or impractical statistical assumption about the dynamics of social contact networks, respectively. In addition, it is challenging to find optimal sets of people to be isolated to contain the spread of epidemics for large populations due to high computational complexity. Unlike these approaches, in this paper, a novel cluster-based epidemic control scheme is proposed based on Smartphonebased body area networks. The proposed scheme divides the populations into multiple clusters based on their physical location and social contact information. The proposed control schemes are applied within the cluster or between clusters. Further, we develop a computational efficient approach called UGP to enable an effective cluster-based quarantine strategy using graph theory for large scale networks (i.e., populations). The effectiveness of the proposed methods is demonstrated through both simulations and experiments on real social contact networks.


UMCCTS funding

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Copyright 2014 IEEE. Accepted manuscript posted as allowed by the publisher's author rights policy at

DOI of Published Version



Zhang Z, Wang H, Wang C, Fang H. Cluster-based Epidemic Control Through Smartphone-based Body Area Networks. IEEE Trans Parallel Distrib Syst. 2015 Feb 9;26(3):681-690. PubMed PMID: 25741173; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4346229. doi:10.1109/TPDS.2014.2313331. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems

PubMed ID


Related Resources

Link to article in PubMed