Accuracy of the Bayley-II mental development index at 2 years as a predictor of cognitive impairment at school age among children born extremely preterm
Department of Psychiatry
Female Urogenital Diseases and Pregnancy Complications | Nervous System | Pediatrics | Psychiatry | Psychiatry and Psychology | Psychological Phenomena and Processes
OBJECTIVE: To describe the accuracy of the Bayley Scales of Infant Development-Second Edition (BSID-II) Mental Development Index (MDI) at 2 years of age for prediction of cognitive function at school age of children born extremely preterm.
DESIGN: Study participants were enrolled in the Extremely Low Gestational Age Newborn Study between 2002 and 2004. Two-thirds of surviving children (n = 795) were assessed at 2 years with the BSID-II and at 10 years with an intelligence quotient (IQ) test. We computed test characteristics for a low MDI ( < 70), including predictive value positive.
RESULTS: Almost two-thirds of children with a low MDI had a normal IQ ( > /= 70) at 10 years. Concordance between MDI and IQ was highest among children with major motor and/or sensory impairment, and when MDI was adjusted for gestational age.
CONCLUSION: Most children born extremely preterm with low BSID-II MDI at 2 years have normal intelligence at school age.
Medical research, Risk factors
DOI of Published Version
J Perinatol. 2018 Jul;38(7):908-916. doi: 10.1038/s41372-017-0020-8. Epub 2018 May 29. Link to article on publisher's site
Journal of perinatology : official journal of the California Perinatal Association
O'Shea TM, Joseph RM, Allred EN, Taylor HG, Leviton A, Heeren T, Douglass LM, Frazier JA, Jara H, Kuban KC. (2018). Accuracy of the Bayley-II mental development index at 2 years as a predictor of cognitive impairment at school age among children born extremely preterm. Psychiatry Publications. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41372-017-0020-8. Retrieved from https://escholarship.umassmed.edu/psych_pp/913