Department of Psychiatry; Implementation Science and Practice Advances Research Center
Mental and Social Health | Military, War, and Peace | Psychiatry | Psychiatry and Psychology
This study assessed perceptions of voluntary consent among 69 veterans who enrolled in a "jail diversion" program for co-occurring disorders. Perceptions were measured using modified items from the MacArthur Perceived Coercion and Negative Pressure Scales. A majority reported that they "chose to" (88.4%) or "felt free to" (85.5%) enroll. Most reported having "control over" (69.6%) and "more influence than anyone else" regarding (60.9%) their participation. About half reported that enrollment was "their idea" (49.3%). Fewer reported perceptions of negative pressure, including the feeling that someone "talked them into" enrolling (24.6%), "threatened them with the maximum criminal punishment" (13.0%), "offered or promised them something" (5.8%), or "forced" them to enroll (5.8%). Nobody felt "tricked, lied to, or fooled into" participating. Total negative pressure scores were higher in those with combat experience, U = 406.50, p = .016. Although potentially inappropriate pressures were reported, these data suggest that the majority perceived enrollment as voluntary.
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Authors' accepted peer-reviewed manuscript posted after 12 months as allowed by the publisher's author rights policy at https://authorservices.wiley.com/author-resources/Journal-Authors/licensing/self-archiving.html. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.
DOI of Published Version
Behav Sci Law. 2017 Sep;35(5-6):408-417. doi: 10.1002/bsl.2299. Epub 2017 Aug 1. Link to article on publisher's site
Behavioral sciences and the law
Trojano ML, Christopher PP, Pinals DA, Harnish A, Smelson DA. (2017). Perceptions of voluntary consent among jail diverted veterans with co-occurring disorders. Psychiatry Publications. https://doi.org/10.1002/bsl.2299. Retrieved from https://escholarship.umassmed.edu/psych_pp/833