Relationship of mindful awareness to neural processing of angry faces and impact of mindfulness training: A pilot investigation

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Psychiatry

Publication Date


Document Type



Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms | Mental and Social Health | Movement and Mind-Body Therapies | Neurology | Neuroscience and Neurobiology | Psychiatry | Psychiatry and Psychology


Mindfulness is paying attention, non-judgmentally, to experience in the moment. Mindfulness training reduces depression and anxiety and influences neural processes in midline self-referential and lateralized somatosensory and executive networks. Although mindfulness benefits emotion regulation, less is known about its relationship to anger and the corresponding neural correlates. This study examined the relationship of mindful awareness and brain hemodynamics of angry face processing, and the impact of mindfulness training. Eighteen healthy volunteers completed an angry face processing fMRI paradigm and measurement of mindfulness and anger traits. Ten of these participants were recruited from a Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) class and also completed imaging and other assessments post-training. Self-reported mindful awareness increased after MBSR, but trait anger did not change. Baseline mindful awareness was negatively related to left inferior parietal lobule activation to angry faces; trait anger was positively related to right middle frontal gyrus and bilateral angular gyrus. No significant pre-post changes in angry face processing were found, but changes in trait mindful awareness and anger were associated with sub-threshold differences in paralimbic activation. These preliminary and hypothesis-generating findings, suggest the analysis of possible impact of mindfulness training on anger may begin with individual differences in angry face processing.


Anger, Experiential Awareness, FMRI, Inferior Parietal Lobule, Mindfulness

DOI of Published Version



Psychiatry Res Neuroimaging. 2017 Jun 30;264:22-28. doi: 10.1016/j.pscychresns.2017.03.016. Epub 2017 Apr 8. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Psychiatry research. Neuroimaging

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID