Department of Psychiatry, Program for Clubhouse Research, Systems and Psychosocial Advances Research Center
Mental and Social Health | Other Rehabilitation and Therapy | Psychiatry | Psychiatry and Psychology
The Clubhouse Model has been in existence for over sixty-five years; however, a review that synthesizes the literature on the model is needed. The current study makes use of the existing research to conduct a systematic review of articles providing a comprehensive understanding of what is known about the Clubhouse Model, to identify the best evidence available, as well as areas that would benefit from further study. Findings are summarized and evidence is classified by outcome domains. Fifty-two articles met the selection criteria of Randomized Clinical Trials (RCT's), quasi-experimental studies, or observational studies for domains of employment (N = 29); quality of life/satisfaction (N = 10); reductions in psychiatric hospitalization(s) (N = 10); social relationships (N = 10); education (N = 3); and health promotion activities (N = 2). RCT results support the efficacy of the Clubhouse Model in promoting employment, reducing hospitalization(s), and improving quality of life. Quasi-experimental and observational studies offer support in education and social domains. The findings from this review indicate that Clubhouses are a promising practice but additional studies using rigorous methods that report the strength of the outcomes are needed to evaluate Clubhouse programs with fidelity to the Clubhouse Model.
Clubhouse, Evidence, Evidence based practice, Psychosocial rehabilitation
Rights and Permissions
Copyright The Author(s) 2016.
DOI of Published Version
Adm Policy Ment Health. 2016 Aug 31. PMID: 27580614 DOI: 10.1007/s10488-016-0760-3. [Epub ahead of print] Link to article on publisher's site
Administration and policy in mental health
McKay, Colleen E.; Nugent, Katie L.; Johnsen, Matthew; Eaton, William W.; and Lidz, Charles W., "A Systematic Review of Evidence for the Clubhouse Model of Psychosocial Rehabilitation" (2016). Psychiatry Publications and Presentations. 790.
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.