Antidepressant Medication Treatment and Risk of Death
Department of Psychiatry
Medical Pharmacology | Mental and Social Health | Psychiatry | Psychiatry and Psychology
OBJECTIVE: Although previous studies have assessed whether depression is a mortality risk factor, few have examined whether antidepressant medications (ADMs) influence mortality risk.
METHODS: We estimated hazards of 1-year all-cause mortality associated with ADMs, with use occurring within 90 days of depression diagnosis among 720 821 patients who received treatment in a Veterans Health Administration facility during fiscal year 2006. We addressed treatment selection biases using conventional Cox regression, propensity-stratified Cox regression (propensity score), and 2 forms of marginal structural models. Models accounted for multiple potential clinical and demographic confounders, and sensitivity analyses compared findings by antidepressant class.
RESULTS: Antidepressant medication use compared with no use was associated with significantly lower hazards of 1-year mortality risk in Cox (hazard ratio [HR], 0.93; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.90-0.97) and propensity score estimates (HR, 0.94; 95% CI, 0.91-0.98), whereas marginal structural model-based estimates showed no difference in mortality risk when the exposure was specified as "as-treated" in every 90-day intervals of the 1-year follow-up (HR, 0.91; 95% CI, 0.66-1.26) but showed increased risk when specified as "intent-to-treat" (HR, 1.07; 95% CI, 1.02-1.13).
CONCLUSIONS: Among patients treated with ADMs belonging to a single class in the first 90 days, there were no significant differences in 1-year all-cause mortality risks. When accounting for clinical and demographic characteristics and treatment selection bias, ADM use was associated with no excess harm.
DOI of Published Version
J Clin Psychopharmacol. 2016 Oct;36(5):445-52. doi: 10.1097/JCP.0000000000000545. Link to article on publisher's site
Journal of clinical psychopharmacology
Zivin K, Kim HM, Yosef M, Maust DT, Valenstein M, Smith EG, Davydow DS. (2016). Antidepressant Medication Treatment and Risk of Death. Psychiatry Publications. https://doi.org/10.1097/JCP.0000000000000545. Retrieved from https://escholarship.umassmed.edu/psych_pp/785