Unipolar Depression

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Psychiatry



Document Type

Book Chapter


Mental and Social Health | Mental Disorders | Psychiatry | Psychiatry and Psychology


Unipolar depression is characterized by a combination of two types of symptoms: neurovegetative and emotional-cognitive. Neurovegetative symptoms are those symptoms that are directly related to the body (e.g., insomnia/hypersomnia, dysregulated eating, fatigue, and decreased energy). Emotional-cognitive symptoms involve those symptoms that are related to how a person processes information (e.g., suicidal ideation, decreased concentration, feeling worthless, anhedonia, and depressed mood). A combination of these depression symptoms must be unremitting for more than 2 weeks in order to be diagnosed with depression. Common treatments for depression include cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy, antidepressant medications, or a combination of these treatments. There are also a number of complementary treatments that are gaining empirical research support for use in combination with traditional approaches to enhance treatment outcome ...


Citation: Wachholtz, A. B. (2013). Unipolar Depression. In M. Gellman & J.R. Turner (Eds.) Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine. (pp 2019-2020). Springer, New York. DOI 10.1007/978-1-4419-1005-9_1561