Unipolar Depression

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Psychiatry

Publication Date


Document Type

Book Chapter


Mental and Social Health | Mental Disorders | Psychiatry | Psychiatry and Psychology


Unipolar depression is characterized by a combination of two types of symptoms: neurovegetative and emotional-cognitive. Neurovegetative symptoms are those symptoms that are directly related to the body (e.g., insomnia/hypersomnia, dysregulated eating, fatigue, and decreased energy). Emotional-cognitive symptoms involve those symptoms that are related to how a person processes information (e.g., suicidal ideation, decreased concentration, feeling worthless, anhedonia, and depressed mood). A combination of these depression symptoms must be unremitting for more than 2 weeks in order to be diagnosed with depression. Common treatments for depression include cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy, antidepressant medications, or a combination of these treatments. There are also a number of complementary treatments that are gaining empirical research support for use in combination with traditional approaches to enhance treatment outcome ...

DOI of Published Version



Wachholtz, A. B. (2013). Unipolar Depression. In M. Gellman & J.R. Turner (Eds.) Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine. (pp 2019-2020). Springer, New York. DOI 10.1007/978-1-4419-1005-9_1561

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine