Cross-cultural validation of a smoking abstinence self-efficacy scale in Korean American men
Department of Psychiatry
Adult; Asian Americans; Cross-Cultural Comparison; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; *Questionnaires; *Self Efficacy; Smoking; Smoking Cessation; Young Adult
The main purpose of the study was to examine the psychometric properties of a Smoking Abstinence Self-Efficacy Scale with Korean men in the US. The scale was modified to reflect the Korean cultural practice of smoking behavior and was cross-culturally validated with a panel of 10 professionals. An 11-item Korean version of the scale was administered twice over a one-month period. Data were analyzed for internal consistency reliability, stability, and construct validity. After the deletion of one item, an exploratory factor analysis yielded two factors, which explained 62% of the variance. Internal consistency was satisfactory for the total scale (.89), Factor I (.88), and Factor II (.80) but intraclass correlation coefficient for the total scale (.57) was low. Nicotine dependence and nicotine withdrawal showed modest but statistically significant correlations with the scale.
DOI of Published Version
Issues Ment Health Nurs. 2009 Feb;30(2):122-30. Link to article on publisher's site
Issues in mental health nursing
Kim SS, Kim S, Gulick EE. (2009). Cross-cultural validation of a smoking abstinence self-efficacy scale in Korean American men. Psychiatry Publications. https://doi.org/10.1080/01612840802370582. Retrieved from https://escholarship.umassmed.edu/psych_pp/516