UMMS Affiliation

Department of Psychiatry

Publication Date


Document Type



Bipolar Disorder; Children; Mood Disorders; Stress Disorders, Traumatic





  • To characterize the relationship between childhood trauma/abuse, and mood dysregulation, and between childhood trauma/abuse and pediatric bipolar disorder (BD).
  • To describe the clinical correlates and demographics of children with trauma/abuse and comorbid mood disorders in a community mental health setting.
  • To explore associations between the diagnosis of BD in youth with histories of trauma and a family history of BD, the presence of specific symptom clusters, the presence of pretrauma mood symptoms.


  • We are assessing youths ages 8-18 who present with mood symptoms and past trauma divided into two groups: (1) Trauma Mood Disorder NOS (T+MD); (2) Trauma+Unmodified DSM-IV-TR BD (T+BD).
  • Differences in clinical variables between groups are analyzed using t-tests for continuous and chi-square tests for categorical variables (α= 0.05).
  • Youth are evaluated using the following psychiatric rating scales: (1) Structured Clinical Interview for DSM Disorders, Childhood Disorders Form (KID-SCID) mood module to establish the diagnosis of BD; (2) Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale for Children (BPRS-C); (3)Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS); (4)Children’s Depression Rating Scale-Revised (CDRS-R); (5) Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ); (6) PTSD CheckList –Civilian Version (PCL-C); (7)Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder IV (ADHD-IV) Rating Scale; (8) Substance Abuse (SA) screen: CRAFFT
  • Other information obtained includes: Demographic characteristics and socioeconomic status; Number of medications and types; Percent of with a lifelong history of psychiatric hospitalization/out of home placement; Family history of psychiatric illness and substance use disorders

Results - Clinical presentations:

Mood Symptoms:

  • BD>MD in BPRS total score (p=0.06), BPRS Mania subscale (p=0.05),YMRS total score (p=0.06)
  • BD>MD in total number of mood episodes identified with KID-SCID: •MDE (p=0.04)
  • Mania (without high outlying value) (p = 0.07)

Substance use:

  • No difference as assessed using CRAFT

PTSD and trauma recollection:

  • No differences in PTSD symptoms as assessed by PCL-C
  • BD>MD abuse identified with CTQ. Sexual abuse (without high outlying value) (p = 0.05). Physical neglect (p=0.07)


  • BD>MD 1.33 fewer medications (t=11.9, p=0.17)


  • Further data collection is ongoing to achieve our targeted sample size in order to identify clinical correlates in mood dsyregulated, traumatized youth.
  • This will promote future research aimed at identifying biomarkers and preventive interventions.

Journal/Book/Conference Title

2011 American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry Annual Meeting


Presented at the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry Annual Meeting, October 2011.

Included in

Psychiatry Commons



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