Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children and adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorder: fact or artifact
Department of Psychiatry
Adolescent; Attention Deficit Disorder with; Hyperactivity; Boston; Child; Comorbidity; Diagnosis, Differential; Female; Humans; Male; Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder; Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
OBJECTIVE: To clarify whether the symptoms of inattention and distractibility commonly seen in children and adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) represent true comorbidity with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or a manifestation of obsessional anxiety.
METHOD: Phenotypic features and functional correlates of ADHD-like symptoms were examined in youths with and without OCD from a large sample of pediatric psychiatry patients consecutively referred since 1997.
RESULTS: The number, frequency, and types of core ADHD symptoms as well as ADHD-associated functional indices were identical in all youths with DSM-IV-diagnosed ADHD irrespective of the presence or absence of comorbid OCD.
CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that when ADHD-like symptoms are seen in youths with OCD, they reflect a true comorbid state of OCD plus ADHD and that the ADHD syndrome may be independent of OCD in comorbid youths.
DOI of Published Version
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2002 Jan;41(1):52-8. Link to article on publisher's site
Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Geller DA, Biederman J, Faraone SV, Cradock K, Hagermoser L, Zaman N, Frazier JA, Coffey BJ, Spencer TJ. (2002). Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children and adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorder: fact or artifact. Psychiatry Publications and Presentations. https://doi.org/10.1097/00004583-200201000-00011. Retrieved from https://escholarship.umassmed.edu/psych_pp/387