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Department of Psychiatry

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Abdominal Pain; Adolescent; Antipsychotic Agents; Appetite; Benzodiazepines; Bipolar Disorder; Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale; Child; Child, Preschool; Disorders of Excessive Somnolence; Female; Humans; Male; Patient Compliance; Pirenzepine; Prospective Studies; Severity of Illness Index; Time Factors; Weight Gain




OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to assess the effectiveness and tolerability of olanzapine in the treatment of acute mania in children and adolescents.

METHODS: This was an 8-week, open-label, prospective study of olanzapine monotherapy (dose range 2.5-20 mg/day) involving 23 bipolar youths (manic, mixed, or hypomanic; 5-14 years old). Weekly assessments were made using the Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS), Clinical Global Impressions Severity Scale (CGI-S), Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale, and Children's Depression Rating Scale. Adverse events were assessed through self-reports, vital sign and weight monitoring, laboratory analytes, and extrapyramidal symptom rating scales (Barnes Akathisia Scale, Simpson-Angus Scale, and Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale).

RESULTS: Twenty-two of the 23 youths (96%) completed the study. Olanzapine treatment was associated with significant improvement in mean YMRS score (-19.0 +/- 9.2, p < 0.001). Using predefined criteria for improvement of > or = 30% decline in the YMRS and a CGI-S Mania score of < or = 3 at endpoint, the overall response rate was 61%. Overall, olanzapine was well tolerated, and extrapyramidal symptom measures were not significantly different from baseline. Body weight increased significantly over the study (5.0 +/- 2.3 kg, p < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS: Open-label olanzapine treatment was efficacious and well tolerated in the treatment of acute mania in youths with bipolar disorder. Future placebo-controlled, double-blind studies are warranted.

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This is a copy of an article published in the Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology. © 2001 Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.

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J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol. 2001 Fall;11(3):239-50. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Journal of child and adolescent psychopharmacology

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