Music therapy: a novel motivational approach for dually diagnosed patients

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Psychiatry

Publication Date


Document Type



AIDS Dementia Complex; Adult; Bipolar Disorder; Combined Modality Therapy; Comorbidity; Depressive Disorder, Major; Diagnosis, Dual (Psychiatry); Female; Humans; Male; Mental Disorders; Middle Aged; Music Therapy; New York City; Pilot Projects; Prospective Studies; Psychiatric Department, Hospital; Psychotic Disorders; Schizophrenia; Substance-Related Disorders




Co-occurring mental illness and addiction is very common and results in worse treatment outcomes compared to singly diagnosed addicted individuals. Integrated treatment for co-occurring disorders is associated with better treatment outcomes; however there is a wide range of what is included in integrated treatment. Due to patient and staff interests, integrated treatment often includes complementary and alternative therapies, including music and art therapy. There is a need to study how these approaches effect treatment engagement, retention, and outcome. This study was a prospective naturalistic non-randomized pilot study without a control group that sought to evaluate how participation in a music therapy program affected treatment outcomes for individuals with co-occurring mental illness and addiction. In summary, music therapy appears to be a novel motivational tool in a severely impaired inpatient sample of patients with co-occurring disorders. Future studies of music therapy in integrated co-occurring disorder setting should include a control group.

DOI of Published Version



J Addict Dis. 2008;27(1):41-53. Link to article on publisher's website

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Journal of addictive diseases

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID