Problem-solving deficits in depressed children, adolescents, and adults
Department of Psychiatry
Medical Subject Headings
Depression; Depressive Disorder; Problem Solving; Interpersonal Relations
Mental and Social Health | Psychiatric and Mental Health | Psychiatry | Psychiatry and Psychology
Recent research has emphasized the importance of interpersonal problems with depression. It has been hypothesized that deficits in interpersonal problem-solving skills may account for many of these problems. Three studies that examined the relationship between problem-solving skills and depression are reported. Problem-solving skills among children, adolescents, and adults were assessed by the Means-Ends Problem Solving Test. Contrary to prediction, there were no differences in problem-solving skills between depressed and nondepressed groups; these findings were consistent across each age group. The external validity of such paper-and-pencil measures of problem solving is questioned; it is suggested that future research focus on how depressed individuals solve real-life problems.
Doerfler, Leonard A.; Mullins, Larry L.; Griffin, Nora J.; Siegel, Lawrence J.; and Richards, C. Steven, "Problem-solving deficits in depressed children, adolescents, and adults" (1984). Systems and Psychosocial Advances Research Center Publications and Presentations. 598.